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Protractor vs. Karma

Karma

Karma is a test runner that will run the JavaScript files specified in you configuration file explicitly or using node-globs. (For non-JavaScript external templatesAngular's Unit Testing Guide recommends using Karma html preprocessor to compile them into JavaScript first.)

These can be all your source files, some of them, some of them plus some additional files or filesirrelevant to your project, only providing some extra configuration - you name it! You can have multiple karma config files for different purposes, which you can run in parallel or one-by-one. Each karma process launches its own set of browsers (these are currently available).

This feature of Karma to run only a set of files is what makes it perfect for fast tests running in background upon each source file edit, and get immediate feedback, which is brilliant! The only negative is the "noisy" error reporting that will hopefully improve!

 

Karma is not only for unit tests

Unit test is for a single unit of your source code. In Angular's case a typical unit is Angular Component (Service, Factory, Provider, Controller, Filter, Directive etc). Remember to keep your Controllers thin, so too many unit tests for latters is a red flag.

In a unit test, every other units of code, on which this unit depends (so-called unit's dependencies) should not be tested at the same time. Instead they should be "mocked", e.g. replaced by something simple like dummy instances. Angular provides great mock environment support. Ideally you want to see all those mocks directly inside your tests, so you never need to wonder where all those dependencies come from.

Karma is just as useful for Integration Tests, where a group of source code units is tested together, with only some of their dependencies being mocked. It is important to remember that any dependency is by default provided from your source code modules (as long as those modules either injected directly in your tests, or they are dependencies of other modules injected (in which case you don't need to inject them, but no harm to do so). The mocked dependencies will override the provided ones.

Running Fast and Frequent is the main feature of Karma. This means you want to avoid any server requests, any database queries, anything that can take longer than fractions of seconds. (Otherwise it will NOT be fast!) Those long processes are ones you want to mock. This also explains why it is a bad practice to put raw low level services like $http directly inside your controllers or any complicated business logic units. By wrapping those low level outside communication services into smaller dedicated services, you make it much easier to "mock them away".

What Karma does not do is running your site as it is, which is what End-to-End (E2E) testing is. In principle, you could use Angular's internal methods to recreate the site or its pieces. Which, for small pieces, can be useful, and a fast way e.g. to test directives.

It is, however, not recommended way to throw complicated code inside your tests. The more you do it, the more chance is that you make errors in that code instead of what you are actually testing.

That is why I personally dislike the often mentioned complicated way of testing methods using low level methods like $http. It works cleaner to isolate any reference to low level methods intodedicated methods of your own, whose single responsibility is to make http requests. These dedicated methods should be able to work with real backend, not a fake one! Which you can easily test - manually or even perfectly fine with Karma running with another special config, as long as you don't mix that config with the one usually used to run Karma regular and fast. Now, having your dedicated small services tested, you can safely and easily mock them to test your other logic and put these tests into your regular Karma setup.


To summarize. Use Karma to run any set of JavaScript files. It is (should be) fast. You don't see your complete app, so can't test the final result effectively and reliably. Would I run it with Protractor? Why would I? Running Protractor would slow down my tests, defeating the purpose of Karma. It is easy to run Protractor separately.


 

Protractor

Protractor is an end-to-end test framework for AngularJS applications. Protractor runs tests against your application running in a real browser, interacting with it as a user would.

So Protractor does exactly what Karma doesn't - run your real final application. This reveals its both power and limitations:

Running complete application is the only reliable final test that your application works as expected. You can write up complete user story scenarios and put them into your tests!

But it is harder to track errors without isolating individual units of your source code. This is why you still need Karma to test your JavaScript code first.

 

Now would I want to run Protractor with Karma? I surely can run them in separate terminal windows, in parallel. I could, in principle, have them share test files if I need to, but normally I'd rather not. Why? Because I want to keep my tests small with single dedicated purpose.

The only exception would be a file defining testing macros useful for both runners. This, however, would not be a test file but a macro definition file.

Other than that, I like a clear separation between my tests. Those to be run frequently and fast, and those for the complete app. That makes a clear separation between when using Karma and when using Protractor.

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Katalon Studio Desktop testing, Mobile Testing, UI testing, Web testing 2,016 Free Use Active
eggPlant Functional Application Life Cycle Tracking, Cross Platform Testing, Desktop testing, Image Based Testing, Embedded Software, Image Comparison, Java testing, Mobile Testing, Network testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,008 Active
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Badboy Desktop testing, Web testing 2,012 Individual license - USD $45, 10 license pack - USD $300 Active
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SilkTest Desktop testing, Mobile Testing, SAP Testing, Test Design, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 1,994 Call Manufacturer for more details Active
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qTest Platform Desktop testing, Web testing 2,014 September 2014 : qTest Enterprise - $49 per user/month billed annually - on demand, September 2014 : Pro w/eXplorer - $38 per user/month billed annually - on demand, September 2014 : Pro - $29 per user/month billed annually - on demand , September 2014 : qTest eXplorer - $29 per user/month billed annually - on demand Active
The Grinder Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Web testing 2,001 Free use 2014
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Rational Functional Tester [RFT] Desktop testing, Object Based Testing, Web testing 2,001 July 2014: User license = 6820 USD Active
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WebLOAD Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Mobile Testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing 1,993 Call Manufacturer for details Active
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Karma Web testing 2,013 Free Use Active
IBM Security AppScan Security Testing, Mobile Testing, Web testing 1,991 IBM Security AppScan Source for Analysis: $21500, IBM Security AppScan Source for Automation: $47,800 Active
TestDrive Desktop testing, Image Comparison, Java testing, SAP Testing, Web testing 2,005 Call Manufacturer for details Active
SoapUI API testing, DataBase testing, Load Capabilities, Network testing, Protocol Testing, SOA testing, Web testing 2,006 March 2015 - SOAP-UI : Free Use, March 2015 - SoapUI NG Pro : $499/Year, March 2015 - Floating license - Contact manufacturer for details Active
Protractor Web testing 2,013 Free Use Active
CubicTest Web testing 2,007 Free Use 2013
Flash-Selenium Web testing 2,008 Free Use 2011
Rational Performance Tester Server testing, Web testing 1,991 June 2015: User License + SW Subscription & Support 12 Months : $1940, June 2015: Floating User License + SW Subscription & Support 12 Months : $3860 Active
Cactus Server testing, Web testing, Java testing 2,004 Free use 2011
Watij Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,006 Free Use 2013
Httest Security Testing, Network testing, SOA testing, Web testing, Server testing 2,005 Free Use 2014
UFT Pro LeanFT Web testing, Cross-Browser testing, Desktop testing, Object Based Testing 2,014 Not Published Active
Qualify Application Life Cycle Tracking, Desktop testing, SAP Testing, Test Cases Statistics, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,009 Active
Jameleon Web testing 2,006 Free Use 2008
SoapSonar Security Testing, SOA testing, Web testing, API testing 2,010 July 2015: Personal Edition (Free) Active
Qualitia Web testing 2,011 Active
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StresStimulus SAP Testing, Mobile Testing, Network testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing, Test Cases Statistics, Server testing, DataBase testing, Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Java testing 2,006 September 2015: Free version is available, September 2015: 250 VUs, Pro Edition, Permanent license - $870, September 2015: 10,000 VUs, Ent. Edition, weekly pass - $2,130 Active
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Testim Web testing 2,014 Active
LoadUI NG Pro Network testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing 2,008 Active
Test Studio Desktop testing, Java testing, Mobile Testing, Performance Analysis, Test Cases Statistics, Test Design, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,002 Test Studio Web & Desktop $2,499 perpetual license, include: Automated testing for Web and Desktop Visual Studio plugin, Test Studio Load $999 perpetual license, include: Load testing web UI Load testing web services, Test Studio Ultimate $3,499 perpetual license include: Test Studio Web & Desktop, Mobile, Load, Performance + API testing Active
T-PLAN ROBOT Mobile Testing, Web testing, Desktop testing 1,989 Active
Applitools Eyes Mobile Testing, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,011 Active
Selenium WebDriver Mobile Testing, Web testing 2,012 Free to use Active
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VisGrid Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,013 Free use Active
Appium Mobile Testing, Web testing 2,013 Free use Active
SiteScope Performance Analysis, Web testing 2,008 Call Manufacturer Active
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eggPlant Performance Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Performance Analysis, SOA testing, Web testing 2,008 Active
Loadster Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Network testing, Performance Analysis, SOA testing, Web testing 2,004 2015: Loadster Cloud-1000 units : $79, 2015: Loadster Cloud-10000 units: $499 , 2015: Loadster Engine 3.x : $699 Active
Mocha Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,012 Free use Active
BlazeMeter Desktop testing, Stress Testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,011 October 2014 :Basic - $249/month/1000 users, October 2014 :Pro - $649/month/5000 users, October 2014 :Pro Plus - $1349/month/10,000users Active
TestMaker Desktop testing, Performance Analysis, SOA testing, Web testing 2,000 Active
Time Machine Web testing, Data Migration Testing 1,997 Active
Sahi Open Source Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,005 Free use Active
JAutomate Desktop testing, Image Based Testing, Java testing, Web testing 2,011 2015: Pro License - $999 per perpetual license, 2015: Ent License - $9999 per year 2016
SIGOS Mobile Testing Mobile Testing, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 1,995 July 2015: PRO - $180 per month, July 2015: Enterprise - starting at $750 Active
HttpMaster SOA testing, Web Services, Web testing, API testing 2,003 Active
Selenium Remote Control Web testing 2,008 Free use 2017
Testuff Web testing, Test Cases Statistics, Application Life Cycle Tracking, Desktop testing 2,007 2015: Monthly subscription $27 per user, 2015: Yearly subscription $270 per user, 2015: Site License $1,840/month Unlimited Active
XLT Java testing, Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Web testing 2,005 April 2015 :Entry - $ 6,999/year, April 2015 : Standard - Starting at $ 950 / month, April 2015 : Community & Basic - Free use Active
WinTask Desktop testing, Web testing 1,998 2015 Sept: WinTask (for Windows 32 bit) - $249.00 Software only, 2015 Sept: WinTask x64 (for Windows 64 bit) - $399.00 2 years upgrades* 2015
Runscope API testing, Performance Analysis, SOA testing, Web Services, Web Monitoring, Web testing 2,013 Active
Tsung Protocol Testing, Network testing, Performance Analysis, SOA testing, Web Services, Web testing, Web Monitoring, Server testing, Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Memory Analysis, Runtime Error Detection, Memory Leak Detection 2,001 Free Use 2015
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TestWise IDE Web testing 2,007 Personal User License - $300/year, Floating User License - $600/year Active
Tellurium (aost) Web testing 2,007 Free Use Active
Hexawise Pair-Wise Analysis, Web testing 2,009 Active
AppPerfect Web Test Desktop testing, Mobile Testing, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,003 Dec 2014: Desktop License = $299, Dec 2014: Floating License = $399 Active
actiWATE Web testing 2,000 Free use 2007
AppsWatch Image Based Testing, EMail Testing, Image Comparison, Java testing, SAP Testing, Web testing 2,000 Active
XMLUnit API testing, Web testing 2,001 Free use Active
Saucelabs Mobile Testing, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,008 Active
OpenSTA Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Performance Analysis, Test Cases Statistics, Web testing 2,003 Free use 2007
JWebUnit Web testing 2,012 Free Use Active
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Imprimatur Protocol Testing, Web testing 2,005 Free Use 2012
Selenium IDE Desktop testing, Web testing 2,006 Free use Active
TestCraft Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,016 Not Published Active
StoryTestIQ Web testing, Desktop testing 2,009 Free Use 2011
MaxQ Web testing 2,007 Free Use 2009
StressTester Mobile Testing, Network testing, Performance Analysis, SOA testing, Web testing, Server testing, Message testing, DataBase testing, Database Upgrade Testing, Load Capabilities, Stress Testing 2,003 Nov 2015 : Controller including 25 Virtual Users - $2,049, Nov 2015 : Controller including 100 Virtual Users - $4,950, Nov 2015 : Controller including 500 Virtual Users - $15,939 Active
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Apica ZebraTester Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing 2,015 Active
CloudQA API testing, Desktop testing, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,016 Active
TestOptimal Web testing, Cross-Browser testing, Desktop testing 2,009 Call Manufacturer for details Active
Codeception API testing, SOA testing, Web testing 2,012 Free Use Active
TestingBot Mobile Testing, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,011 Active
Cerberus Web testing 2,016 Free Use Active
Wave Test Manager Web testing 2,005 June 2015 : Wave Test Manager : $89 per license 2012
WCAT Web testing, Load Capabilities 2,011 Free use Active
Anteater Server testing, Web testing 2,002 Free Use 2004
MTAS API testing, Desktop testing, Mobile Testing, Network testing, Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,011 Active
JTest Metrics Analysis, Web testing, SOA testing, Data Flow Analysis, Code Analysis, Static Code Analysis, Coding Standards verfication, Code Tracability, Code Review, Code Coverage testing, Java testing, API testing 1,996 Active
Twebst Desktop testing, Web testing 2,008 2014
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PureLoad Stress Testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing 1,998 PureLoad Web - $5000/500 virtual clients, PureLoad Enterprise - $12000/500 virtual clients, PureLoad Enterprise, Developers Edition - $1250/10 virtual clients Active
RedLine13 Web testing, Web Monitoring, Load Capabilities, API testing 2,013 Active
MobileCloud Platform Desktop testing, Mobile Testing, Web testing 2,006 Active
AppVerify Security Testing, SAP Testing, Web testing, Java testing, Desktop testing, Image Based Testing 2,014 Active
FitNium Web testing 2,007 Free Use 2011
ClicAutomate Web testing, Cross-Browser testing, Desktop testing, Object Based Testing 2,015 Not Published Active
AppPerfect LoadTest Java testing, Stress Testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing 2,003 Feb 2015 : Desktop licence : $299/ 25 VU, Feb 2015 : Floating Licence : $399/ 25 VU, Feb 2015: Additional Virtual Users : $1/ VU Active
iPhoney Mobile Testing, Web testing 2,007 Free Use Active
Janova Web testing 2,010 November 2014: Janova Basic - $10 per month per person, November 2014: Janova Professional - $25 per month per person, November 2014: Janova Enterprise - Contact Manufacturer Active
Jelly API testing, SOA testing, Web testing 2,010 Free use Active
Freshen Web testing 2,009 Free Use 2015
Fake Web testing 2,010 June 2015 - 29.95 USD Active
Artificial Software Tester Web testing 2,012 Sept 2015 : 14 day free trial, Sept 2015 : PRO - $10/ MONTH Active
LoadTracer Load Capabilities, Stress Testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing 2,001 Call Manufacturer for details Active
CUITe Web testing, Desktop testing 2,011 Free Use Active
DARTENIUM Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,009 No Data Active
Firing Range Security Testing, Web testing 2,014 Free use Active
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Assertible API testing, Web Monitoring, Web testing 2,016 Not Published Active
Application Testing Suite SOA testing, Web testing 2,008 Call Manufacturer for details Active
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vauto Web testing 2,010 Free use 2012
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selite DataBase testing, Desktop testing, Web testing 2,014 Free use Active
HtmlUnit Web testing, Java testing, Desktop testing 2,002 Free Use Active
AgileLoad Load Capabilities, Memory Analysis, Mobile Testing, Performance Analysis, Web testing 2,006 May 2015: 50 Virtual users - $24 / day, May 2015: Free License - upto 10 virtual users Active
Testing Framework Web testing 2,002 Free Use, 2016: License with 1 Year Support Subscription $299.00 Active
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GXtest Desktop testing, Web testing 1,988 Active
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PhantomJS Web Monitoring, Web testing 2,011 Not Published Active
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Certify Performance Load Capabilities, Mobile Testing, Web testing 2,000 Call Manufacturer for details Active
RedGlass Web testing, Cross-Browser testing 2,013 Free Use 2014
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backTrac Web Monitoring, Web testing 2,014 Active

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